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Periodontal disease, commonly known as gum disease, can be a serious condition if left untreated. There are two different types of gum disease and today we are going to give you a brief look at the differences between gingivitis and periodontitis.


Gingivitis is the mildest form of gum disease and is often caused by poor hygiene practices. If detected early, gingivitis is reversible with care from you and your dentist.

In the early stages, bacteria found in food particles or plaque will build up, causing the gums to become swollen or inflamed. This typically causes the gums to bleed easily while brushing or flossing. In this stage, your gums haven’t had permanent damage done to them. But left untreated, gingivitis can lead to periodontitis.


Once gingivitis is left untreated, it advances into a gum disease called periodontitis. Periodontitis causes the top layer of the gum and the bone to separate from the teeth, forming small pockets of space around each tooth.

Within these small pockets, debris becomes trapped causing infection. Unfortunately, when this happens, plaque spreads and grows below the gumline causing gum tissue and bone to be destroyed. The affected teeth are no longer held in place by gum tissue or bone, causing them to become loose and fall out.

Good news is, gum disease is preventable and can be treated. Speak with our dentist about gum disease treatment options today by calling 805-654-1174!